** I chose this book because it has really great poems that have wonderful shapes. I wanted the kids to see lots of examples of shape poems and it has some unique examples. I also wanted them to see other examples, so I used a powerpoint with pages from the book, one from the website, and a word program to create some 'word art' that can make shape poems. This lets the kids use a variety of digital tools to produce and publish writing in collaboration in peers.
Underlined words below are lesson vocabulary words that are emphasized and written on sentence strips for my Reading & Writing word wall. I pull off the words off the wall for each lesson, helping students understand this key 'reading and writing' vocabulary can be generalized across texts and topics. The focus on acquiring and using these words is part of a shift in the Common Core Standards towards building students’ academic vocabulary. My words are color coded ‘pink’ for literature/’blue’ for reading strategies/’orange’ for informational text/'yellow' for writing/’green’ for all other words.
Common starting point
Take time to let the kids look over some poems - you can show them a few from the book too. Poetry is meant to be looked at for beauty as well as read for enjoyment. I showed the first powerpoint slide and let the kids take a moment to look over the shapes. I was concerned less about reading the words than just talking about the shapes and how the author used them to add meaning.
This is one of the lessons in my middle of my poetry unit. I used the 'poetry tree' in all of my lessons in this unit to create a tool that pulled together all of the ideas and kinds of poetry. The kinds of poem are listed down the trunk and the ways that poetry help us are listed on the leaves. I discussed repetition, rhyming and repeated words in my other lessons, including Poetry: What Is It?, Reading Acrostic:The Poetry of Letters, Synonym Adjective Verb-Put Them In A Cinquain , Pieces of Meaning in Free Verse Poetry and Don't Worry: Alliteration and Onomatopoeia Help Us.
Give the purpose of the lesson
Introduce strategy - teacher models
Practice strategy - guided practice
Take the time to model how to read a poem with rhythm, rhyme and pausing/intonation. The Common Core Standards encourage students to learn how to describe how words and phrases, such as these, supply meaning to a poem. (RL.2.4) Although they often appreciate poetry for the unique voice, rhyme and rhythm, the ability to verbally describe how these add meaning is something that will need to be taught and practiced. This is your chance to model how to express these ideas.
Let Students Work
Using poetry with a focus on the text, along with the rhythm and rhyme of the genre, helps students see that the text of the poem is just as important. Asking students to explain their ideas and where their answers came from in the text and illustrations leads them to understand that they need text evidence to back up their answers and ideas.
I did not take the time to read all of the poems in the book. My expectation was that the kids get the idea of how to read poetry, emphasizing rhythm, rhyme, pausing, and intonation and then explore the poems themselves by applying these to poems of their choice. Since we were sharing a book, I let them take a quick picture with the iPad so they could start thinking about their poem.
As I walked around, I found one of my students quietly singing her poem. I paused and let her continue, realizing that she was trying to check the rhythm. We did talk about the idea of poetry as a kind of 'song', but I had not suggested singing a poem. This was a great idea and she shared it with the class - another student tried it for his second poem.
Explain the Task
As students begin to write poetry, they are using digital tools to produce and publish writing. (W.2.6) Students love the technology, but need guidance to produce quality pieces in a focused manner. I like this website because it allows the kids to type a limited number of words (my kids don't type well so they can't produce long pieces). It has a good number of choices of the shapes and helped them produce a nice shape poem that they could share with the class.
Scaffolding and Special Education: This lesson could be easily scaffolded up or down, depending on student ability.
Students with language challenges may need help with the poems. Here's what it looked like when I was reading the poem to a student due to the higher vocabulary and language level. They may also need to work with a friend on the computer, depending on their spelling ability.
Those with higher level language should be able to use more challenging wording on the poem. Suggest that they go beyond 'flower' (for the spring poem) to 'bud' or 'sprout' and use more phrases to create more a story instead of a list.