8th Grade ELA : Unit #4 - Risking it All : Lesson #9

Propaganda Techniques Lesson 1: How Does Propaganda Include Argumentation and Persuasion?

Objective: SWBAT explain the advantages and disadvantages of using propaganda as a form of persuasion or argument to influence behaviors during World War II.
Standards: RI.8.7
Subject(s): English / Language Arts
60 minutes
1 Bell Ringer: Defining a Term I Already Know - 5 minutes

Seeing a poster hung along a wall can grab my attention through its wording, images, font, color, etc. No matter how much or little wording is on the poster, EVERY detail serves a purpose in communicating its intended message to an audience.

In this lesson, students will analyze the impact of propaganda during World War II while understanding its functionality for political gain.To open up this lesson, students will be asked to respond orally to the prompt information on the whiteboard:

How would you define propaganda?

There are various ways that students can define this term. The defining propaganda video will allow you to see the importance of defining propaganda prior to moving through the desired activities of this lesson.

2 Building Knowledge Around Argument, Persuassion, and Propaganda - 15 minutes

Before students can create or even understand the need for propaganda in political gains, they must be able to define it and how it infuses the use of argument and persuasion in its message(s). Students will be provided with a argument-propaganda notes handout to read over silently. With a partner, students will fill in the venn-diagram-3-circles placing first the similarities of each topic and the differences on the outside.

One thing that I LOVE to do with my students is have them create their conceptual understanding of the skills and concepts that we are studying in class. With students taking on this ownership, I am able to answer questions that students have about this note-taking process. See how a group's venn diagram organizes notes used for referencing throughout the rest of the lesson.

Connecting to What Students Know Reflection
Connection to Prior Knowledge

I could not have asked of anything more from my students than the participation I received from them in this lesson. All activities in this lesson fostered learning led by students to gain understandings about events of World War II. Since students learned about this historical event in grade 7, I wanted to spend class time interacting students with ways that perspectives of war were display through visual representations. Because most of class time was spent on the 3 Venn Diagram activity, students were not able to fully discuss all propaganda posters in the power point. However, what they were able to cover allowed them to begin understanding how stilled images and words impacted behaviors and opinions of people during this time.

3 Analyzing Propaganda of World War II - 20 minutes

Students will look at a World War II Propaganda power point to see what various types of propaganda was used to influence people during World War II. To aid in analyzing each poster, the following questions will be answered about each slide in student notebooks

What are the similarities and differences between the posters?
Where do you think these posters were hung?
What emotions do these posters prompt in you?

As students answer the questions for each slide in pairs, I will facilitate the time given for each slide to be shown to the class. Once all slides have been reviewed by students, a share-out will be done as a whole class. From the Propaganda Poster Analysis examples written by students, they will be introduced to ways posters influence individuals more emotionally than words.