(In order to activate students' prior knowledge I start the lesson by asking them "What is a compound word?". When they tell me two small words put together, I use that information to relate to compound sentences.)
I confirm to my scholars that a compound word is two smaller words put together to create a larger word. We'll use that same concept to help us understand compound sentences. A compound sentence is two simple sentences joined by a comma, and a coordinating conjunction like "and," "but," or "or" to create a longer sentence.
For example, we take the simple sentence I write on the board - I like math. In order to make this sentence compound, I need to add another simple sentence, a comma, and a coordinating conjunction - I like math, and I am going to make an "A" on my next math test!
Now, they try! Write a compound sentence using the simple sentence - I like ice cream.
We share whole group when they're done.
Now, we're going to play a Compound Sentence Composition Bee game. We'll divide into 2 teams. The first student on each team will write a simple sentence on the board, the next student will add a comma, a conjunction, and another simple sentence in order to form a compound sentence. (I display the attached resource of The Compound Sentence Formula on the SmartBoard.) If it's correct, the team gets a point. If it's not, the next student will try to correct it in order to earn a point for his/her team. We continue the process until one team reaches 20 points. That will be the winning team! Let's begin!
Now, to close our lesson, please take a few minutes a do a quick write on what you learned today about composing compound sentences. We'll share whole group when you're done.
I created the Compound Sentence Composition Bee because it required my scholars to use higher level Bloom's Taxonomy skills of creating and evaluating their own original compound sentences. As part of the Compound Sentence Composition Bee, scholars participated in an integrated literacy approach to learning - reading, writing, listening, and speaking. Scholars demonstrated mutual respect for one another and celebrated their successes.